Types of Stress

People experience stress in various ways. Personal conflicts, professional demands, financial problems or trauma can cause stress and may affect people differently. Stress can be broadly divided into four categories which include the following:

1. Eustress: This is the 'good stress'! The excitement you get after watching a horror movie, the pride in becoming a first time parent, the thrill of going on a camping vacation, the good feeling after accomplishing your targets and the feeling or victory after winning a difficult race are signs and symptoms of 'eustress' or positive stress. This type of stress makes us feel good and feel satisfied. It exerts a healthy effect on us and allows us look at life in positive way. The only disadvantage of this type of stress is that it is usually short-lived.

2. Distress: Every coin has two sides and the alternative to eustress is distress. This is the negative stress or rather a stress disorder caused by undesirable events or stressors that cause a person's body to react negatively. Distress often impedes a person's ability to cope with adverse demands. It is caused by events such as the loss of a loved one, financial pressures, demanding schedule, heavy workload or strained interpersonal relationship. This type of stress can be further divided into acute or short-lived distress and chronic or prolonged distress

3. Hyperstress: This type of stress evolves when a person is pushed beyond a set limit of expectations that they can meet. In common parlance, we call the condition being 'stressed out'. Being overloaded with work can cause hyperstress. During a state, even a minute can trigger a strong emotional response. Mothers who have to find a balance between their personal and professional lives as well as individuals who work under persistent financial constraints are the most common to suffer from hyperstress.

4. Hypostress: Hypostress can be attributed to individuals who are constantly bored; people who do not have any challenges, demands or motivation can be victims of hypostress. No matter what type of stress you might be suffering from, it is important that you identify and work at minimizing those stressors in order to stay healthy, feel good and work efficiently.